How the circuit works:
The working of the circuit is simple. The output of the solar panel is fed via diode 1N5402 (D1), which acts as a polarity guard and protects the solar panel. An ammeter is connected in series between diode D1 and fuse to measure the current flowing during charging of the batteries. As shown in Fig. 1, we have used an analogue multimeter in 500mA range. Diode D2 is used for protection against reverse polarity in case of wrong connection of the lead-acid battery. When you connect wrong polarity, the fuse will blow up.
In the electrical sector, a schematic diagram is usually used to describe the design or model of equipment. Schematic diagrams are usually utilized for the maintenance and repair of electronic and electromechanical devices / units. Original schematics were made by hand, using standardized templates or pre-printed adhesive symbols, but nowadays Electrical CAD computer software is often used.
In electronic design automation, until the 1980s schematics were virtually the only formal representation for circuits. More lately, using the progress of computer system technology, other representations were introduced and specialized computer languages were developed, because with the explosive development of the complexity of electronic circuits, classic schematics are getting less practical. As an example, hardware description languages are indispensable for contemporary digital circuit design.