Cut Phone Line Detector circuit diagram
This kind of circuit speaks for itself. While the phone line is okay, Q1 works as a short that has a extremely high resistance/ohms value via R1, R2, and R3 for a total close to 66 MegaOhm, so it is very high. When the phone line is cut (open), it triggers the MosFet (Q3) via transistor Q2 to drive the load. Replacements are acceptable, not one of the parts are crucial.
This schematic diagram come from circuit: Cut Phone Line Detector
Go to that page to read the explanation about above circuit design.
In the electrical sector, a schematic diagram is usually used to describe the design or model of equipment. Schematic diagrams are usually utilized for the maintenance and repair of electronic and electromechanical devices / units. Original schematics were made by hand, using standardized templates or pre-printed adhesive symbols, but nowadays Electrical CAD computer software is often used.
In electronic design automation, until the 1980s schematics were virtually the only formal representation for circuits. More lately, using the progress of computer system technology, other representations were introduced and specialized computer languages were developed, because with the explosive development of the complexity of electronic circuits, classic schematics are getting less practical. As an example, hardware description languages are indispensable for contemporary digital circuit design.