Telephone Ringtone Generator Circuit. Working with a built-in oscillator-type piezobuzzer generates about 1kHz tone. In this particular circuit, the piezo-buzzer is turned “on” and “off” at 20 Hz for ring tone sound by transistor T3. 20Hz pulses are obtainable at the collector of transistor T3 for 0.4-second duration. Just after a time interval of 0.4 second, 20Hz pulses become again obtainable for another 0.4-second duration. This is followed by two seconds of nosound interval. Thereafter the pulse pattern repeats by itself.
In the electrical sector, a schematic diagram is usually used to describe the design or model of equipment. Schematic diagrams are usually utilized for the maintenance and repair of electronic and electromechanical devices / units. Original schematics were made by hand, using standardized templates or pre-printed adhesive symbols, but nowadays Electrical CAD computer software is often used.
In electronic design automation, until the 1980s schematics were virtually the only formal representation for circuits. More lately, using the progress of computer system technology, other representations were introduced and specialized computer languages were developed, because with the explosive development of the complexity of electronic circuits, classic schematics are getting less practical. As an example, hardware description languages are indispensable for contemporary digital circuit design.