The following diagram is a very easy and simple electronic combination lock based on IC LS7220.
Component Part List:
- C1 = 1uF 25V
- C2 = 220uF 25V
- R1 = 2.2K Ohm
- Q1 = 2N3904 / 2N2222
- D1 = 1N4148 / 1N4001-1N4007
- K1 = 12V SPDT Relay / Any appropriate relay with 12V coil
- U1 = LS7220 Digital Lock IC
- S1-S12 = SPST Momentary Pushbutton Keypad (see notes)
- HD1 = 12 Position Header
This could be the circuit diagram of a easy electronic combination lock by using IC LS 7220.This circuit may be applied to activate a relay for controlling (on & off) any device each time a preset combination of 4 digits are pressed.The circuit may be operated from 5V to 12V.
To set the mixture connect the appropriate switches to pin 3,4,5 and 6 of the IC through the header.As an example if S1 is connected to pin 3, S2 to pin 4 , S3 to pin 5, S4 to pin 6 of the IC ,the combination is going to be 1234.This way we can create any 4 digit combinations.Then connect the rest of the switches to pin 2 of IC.This will cause the IC to reset if any invalid key is pressed , and entire key code has to be re entered.
When the correct key combination is pressed, then the output ( relay) will be activated for a preset time driven by the capacitor C1.Here, it is set to be 6S.Increase the value of C1 to increase the preset time.
For the keypad, arrange the switches in a 3X4 matrix on a PCB (Printed Circuit Board).Write the digits on the keys by using a marker.Instead of applying numbers I wrote some symbols!.The bad guys is going to be more confused with this.
Download LS7220 datasheet from the following link: