Three Stage 9V FM Transmitter

This circuit is a powerful three stage, 9V FM transmitter (Tx) with a range of up to 1 kilometer in the open. It uses an RF transistor in its output stage and two BC547″s for the first two stages. Distance of trans-mission is critically dependent on the operating Conditions (in a building or out on the open), type of aerial used (single wire or dipole), operating voltage (12V is better than 6V) and if the circuit is peaked for maximum performance.

Three Stage 9V FM Transmitter circuit diagram

Components List:

Resistors, 5%, 1/4W:
100R 1
470R 1
4K7 1
22K 1
39K 1
47K 2
1M 1
Capacitors:
Trim cap 5-20pF, red – 1
5.6 pF ceramic – 1
10p ceramic – 2
47pF ceramic – 3
1nF ceramic – 1
20nF or 22nF ceramic – 2
100nF monoblock – 2
RF transistor ZTX320 – 1
Small signal transistor BC547 – 2
6 turn tinned copper coil – 1
6 turn enamelled coil – 1
8 turn enamelled coil – 1
9V battery snap – 1
Electret microphone – 1
PCB-mounted SPDT switch – 1
Antenna wire 1.6m


The circuit is basically a radio frequency (RF) oscillator that operates around 100 MHz. Audio picked up and amplified by the electret microphone is fed into the audio amplifier stage built around the first transistor. Output from the collector is fed into the base of the second transistor where it modulates the resonant frequency of the tank circuit (L1 coil and the red trimcap) by varying the junction capacitance of the transistor. Junction capacitance is a function of the potential difference applied to the base of the transistor T2. The tank circuit is connected in a Hartley oscillator circuit. The final stage built around T3 amplifies the output RF signal.

Download the complete manual and explanation in PDF version (there are two version available):


7 thoughts on “Three Stage 9V FM Transmitter

  1. Dhiraj swami

    I want VEGAKIT F.M.TX 523
    Who much price

  2. THATY CHANDRASEKHARARAO

    the cicuit very usefull . very very good for hobbiests if they follow these

  3. Kartik Agrawal

    Please explain how does this circuit works?

  4. yhong

    how about frequency oscillator around 50Mhz to 60Mhz?? the circuit still work if i tune the resonant frequency??

  5. Bharath

    sujit s wrong how can he say that circuit is big it can not be analyzed(reduced)further always a circuit is a circuit we can not change it if we change the ckt we will not get o/p

  6. Sujit

    very short range. i am not satisfied and very big circuit.

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